There has also been a high rate of food wastage because of high solar irradiation for most parts of the year, in most the tropical Sub-Saharan Africa, even when there is not enough food for the poor populace. Furthermore, there is a very high scarcity of potable water, leading to the spread of water-related ailments such as diarrhoea. This solution will, therefore, solve these problems since it has the refrigeration and water treatment components, and the implementation will incorporate various international and local partners. Various performance tools and indicators will be used to monitor and evaluate the performance of the project. Finally, SoCool directly supports the identified targets of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 2, 6 and 7 which are: No poverty, Good Health and Well-being, Clean Water and Sanitation and Clean and Affordable Energy, respectively.
This project will also contribute to the achievement of the SDGs 3 because it is an innovation which combines cooling and filtration system designed for the most accessible source of energy (solar), with rural communities who do not just suffer from gross global inequity gap, but cannot afford the conventional refrigerating and filtration appliances. It contributes to SDG 3 because it will present rural households with a preservation mechanism for their staple food items, which, otherwise, are left to rot away. Unfortunately, since these poor rural communities have limited means, they resort to eating the spoilt food items, at the detriment of their health and well-being.
One of the biggest challenges of the launch site for this solution (Koirategui) is their lack of access to safe drinking water. There is also high level of illiteracy in this community of Niger Republic, which incapacitates many from devising alternative ways of purifying or filtering the water they drink. They therefore resort to the only source of water, which is unfit for drinking in its natural state. There have been very high incidences of water-borne disease in the community over time. This project will be of immense benefit to them as it will present them with the opportunity for clean water and sanitation at low cost, thus furthering the SDG 6.
Finally, this project contributes to the attainment of SDG 7, i.e., ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all. This is because the energy used to power the filtration and cooling system comes from solar, a clean source of energy.