We want to address the challenge of rural transformation and zero hunger by following the Industry model. If India with its huge rural population have to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals of zero hunger by 2030, than it has to adopt the industry model of mass production, processing, storage, marketing and sales.
The challenge in the development path is that it should be sustainable in nature. The development related activities should provide good income in rural areas (especially women) and at the same time must conserve environment and biodiversity.
Our adopted model is Industrial which function within the rules and regulations of ecology, hence we call it “Ecological Village Industries”.
We all are aware that: “Practicing sustainable agriculture is key for zero hunger and for rural transformation”. However, the challenge we face is do we have time to train all the farmers in all the villages and also ensure that they prepare organic concoctions?
Secondly, do we have that many resources and monitoring capacity to implement and manage sustainable agriculture programme? With such a huge population, it will be highly impossible to reach all the farmers, train them and make sure that the given training and knowledge is implemented within next 10 years.
Finally, given the shortage of labor in villages and farmers have got accustomed to market system, it will be difficult for the farmers to manufacture organic fertilizers and pest/insect controllers. The challenge is that small farmers cannot afford to buy machinery to speed up the processes.
Thus, we bring in Industry Model here. We will approach and select two appropriate farmers in a village, train them and make them managers who:
- Operate Machinery to prepare large quantities of Organic Concoction's, Store, Market and Sell them in the village.
- Produce raw material in their land or procure the same, which will be supplied for preparing organic concoctions in large quantities (for crop growth and for repellent of pests/fungus in the crops).
The above process will give following benefits:
- It is easy to train and target fewer number of people who will prepare organic concoctions for promoting sustainable farming for the entire village. This means that we can reach more villages at lower costs and at a faster pace.
- All the farmers now will have access to organic concoctions within the village similar to chemical fertilizers and pesticides in the market at affordable prices.
- Most of the farmers in village now can practice sustainable farming without having to learn about preparation of organic concoctions and they need not arrange for infrastructure and assets like cows.
- Faster availability of organic concoctions and implementation of sustainable farming by farmers, will transform soil fertility, biodiversity and health of the rural population within the targets of SDG 2030.
- Sustainable farming will also increase the ground water levels and will help in good and appropriate yields. This will ensure that good amounts of food grains are produced within the village and excess will be sold in the market.
- Safe and nutritious food would now be available within the village and at all times as required in accordance with the definition of Zero Hunger by Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations.
The proposed model “Ecological Village Industry (EVI)” is the current right approach to achieve SDG of Zero Hunger within the schedule.