The programme Sustainable Energy Access Development Programme of Foosteer Initiative delivers clean, affordable electricity and off-grid lighting solutions for low-income households and small enterprises living without access to reliable energy thereby delivering an alternative to fossil fuels.
In sub Saharan Africa more than 620 million people lack access to
electricity. They use inefficient and costly fuel based lighting sources such
as kerosene lamps, which greatly curtail their socio-economic activities once
darkness sets in.
The project owner, Foosteer Initiative an indigenous Non Governmental Organization with base in Nigeria, where
the VPA 1 will be implemented. Foosteer Initiative is responsible for the overall implementation of the PoA.
The project developer, Foosteer Initiative has combined solar energy with innovative satellite technology and
micro-finance to provide high-tech solar home systems (SHS) to developing countries in Africa with initial implementation in Nigeria.
The programme will claim carbon credits from emissions reductions resulting from the installation and use of new project technologies that displace fossil fuel use, such as in fuel-based lighting systems and/or stand-alone power generators. Carbon finance will be invested in activities that facilitate project scale-up to reach remote locations as well as local partner capacity building, developing marketing and outreach resources, and enhancing distribution channels.
Foosteer solar PV system for the roof of homes are at no upfront cost, a fully-funded smart home solution. Fixed at a low rate for 25 years, and save a minimum of £200 every year, all while reducing carbon footprint, securing clean energy and low-carbon future.
This innovative solution comes with a home battery, designed to store electricity for later use, and a personal intelligent energy management system to help monitor generation, usage, import and export.
Foosteer Solar PV panels generate electricity during daylight hours. This DC electricity is sent down a cable to an inverter, converted to AC and used to power the home and appliances.
If the electricity is not required, the inverter sends it to the battery, charging it for later use. Once the battery is fully charged, the excess electricity is sent out to the national grid.
At times when your panels are not generating (such as night time), the electricity stored in the battery is used to power your home and appliances.
You can monitor all system activity from anywhere using the Home Energy Management System
Energy access is one of key priorities for the country. With a growing population of ~170 million and a GDP of ~US$235 billion, Nigeria is Africa’s most populous country and third largest economy. GDP has been growing around 6-8% per annum and for 2014, IMF has projected at ~7%. Currently, Nigeria per capita GDP is 1/7th of world average at US$ 1,900 compared to 1/23 for electricity use per capita2. In Nigeria, only 40% of urban and 10% of rural residents have access to electricity and Nigerians’ per capita consumption of Energy is about 212 kWh (one-tenth of average for a developed nation). Currently, Nigeria has 3,600-4,000 MW installed capacity for an estimated demand of 14,000-20,000 MW. The supply-demand gap is currently being met by carbon-intensive off-grid solutions which are contributing to the ecosystem unbalance. Current grid energy-mix is primarily dominated by fossil fuels (i.e. oil and gas) and large quantities of diesel and furnace oil are being used by all sectors – industrial, commercial, institutional or residential to make up for electricity supply shortages. Lack of rural electricity is leading to large-scale use of kerosene and biomass/firewood.
Nigeria’s Vision 20:2020 tends to follow the trajectory that mirrors energy consumption of developed countries, which translates to rise in total demand (grid and off-grid) for electricity by a factor of 5.0 by 2020 and 16.8 by 2035 (relative to 2009). In 2035, this would translate in a per capita consumption of 1,875 kWh (with a per capita income of US$8,226 at 2009 PPP)3. Per capita CO2 emissions are expected to rise even faster if energy supply remains based on traditional energy model. Nigeria ranks within top 3 emitters in Africa for both fossil fuel emissions and emissions from land use change. Although, currently, per capita emissions are smaller than those of Africa as a whole, Nigeria may double its current annual emissions by 2025 if [current] population growth rates persist, and even faster if consumptions patterns increase4, which is expected. The key drivers of CO2 emissions are population growth, rapid urbanization, economic activity, and the CO2 intensity of the economy. Roadmap for Power Reforms lays out strategy for the Power sector and alludes to Renewables having 4-5% generation share.
Nigerian manufacturers, small scale businesses and families spend on average
of N3.5 trillion per year to power their generating sets with diesel and petrol
due to unstable supply of electricity. Among private households, the figure is
N1.56 trillion ($13.35m). The price difference between businesses and
households is from N45 - N60/kWh for businesses compared to N160 per litre
Diesel fuel (approx. N16/kWh18, excluding maintenance costs) for households.
Estimates suggest that as much as 2.6 GW of decentralised diesel generator capacity is currently installed in the country. Nigeria leads Africa as a generator importer, as none are produced locally, and is one of the highest importers worldwide, the total annual import figure being N17.9 billion. Nearly every company, or 85%, has its own diesel generator.
In 2011, 60 million power generator appliances were in operation or one per every 2.5 members of the population.
Outages and Losses
The World Bank reports that Nigerian businesses tend to suffer power outages of on average approximately 240 hours a month, and that this is the reason for nearly 7% of lost sales. A recent study by the MAN reveals that in industrial clusters, on average between 7.8 and 8.3 hours per day were lost in 2013 [MAN; 2013]. The World Bank concludes that: “As a result, most private enterprises are forced to resort to self-generation at a high cost to themselves and the economy (about US$0.3–0.5 per kWh as compared to the current grid based tariff of US$ 0.13 per kWh).” [WB; 2014].
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