Now Ukraine faces global migration challenge through the Russian-Ukrainian war – availability of 1,600 million internally displaced persons (IDPs). Their basic needs are largely not met: 88% of IDPs do not have enough housing; their pensions and social finance help are limited; the proposed work is often inadequate for IDP qualifications, healthcare is too expensive; psychological care is not sufficient. It can be explained not only by lack of resources during wartime but also orientation on paternalistic model of government policy towards IDPs that provides passive social assistance instead of modern approach to the protection of basic human rights.
International experience does not give best examples of the solution of IDPs question: western countries do not experience such problem and deal mostly with foreign refugees; practice of former Soviet states (Moldova, Georgia)
victims of Russian aggression
is not sufficient enough; related international legislation is underdeveloped and advisory.
Such situation needs new approach to the solution of IDPs problems. It is based on resource principle of involving IDPs’ potential in host communities. It makes it possible to reinforce economic and social development, satisfy basic needs and interests both IDPs and local citizens, and promote social cohesion in Ukraine.
Objective of the project is to satisfy Ukrainian IDPs’ basic rights and needs by involving their resource into host communities on the base of common interests through developing and lobbying related programs and legislative frames.
Main activities: Studying the situation in host communities, developing related programs and law drafts, lobbying campaigns, information support.
Scope. 6 regions covered – Luhansk, Donetsk, Lviv, Odesa, Kyiv, Kharkiv – which reflect Ukrainian geo-political diversity and include most IDPs.
Results. Programs on IDP integration into host communities elaborated in 18 settlements (local, district, and regional levels in 6 regions); Government Roadmap and two law drafts (on IDP housing and voting rights in local elections) were composed and proposed for consideration; three lobbing campaigns for the adoption of this documents;(114 000) IDPs informed through trainings (4 110) and mass media (100 000).
Methods. Sociological, statistical, expert, modeling, forecasting, analytical.
Target groups: IDPs, local activists, local self-governments and authorities officers, specialists.
Luhansk regional public human rights women's organization "Chaika" (operating since 2000; 28 projects implemented independently). Partners: 3 NGOs, researchers from 12 institutes of the National Academy of Sciences, Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, 2 think tanks, employees of Yaroslav the Wise library, specialists of related ministries.