Communal wastewater is one of the main health risks among displaced populations or rural areas and wastewater treatment with biological stations has following disadvantages to adopt:
- they are not suitable to use in rural areas, refugee camps or in disaster areas
- they need high amounts of energy
- they are not able to treat complex wastewater
- sewage pipes are not foreseen to collect wastewater to a central point
- they produce a strong odour
- they require high skilled operators
- they are a source of dangerous diseases in the surrounding when temperature is higher
Until now no alternative was available. Most alternative concepts are small and expensive. They still need high amounts of energy, using a mix of hazardous chemicals or are not able to treat complex wastewater.
The Complementary Innovethics® Technologies – Quantic®-Biochemical Wastewater Treatment (CIT-QB-WWT) solves in a unique way all these issues using only natural salts and widely available hydrated lime. It is possible to tackle the mayor challenges such as lack of energy, odour, dangerous bacteria in the effluent and scalability.
Water reuse and recycling with CIT-QB-WWT are also positive steps towards reducing health risks among displaced populations through expanded access to improved water and sanitation infrastructure which ensures safe delivery of water for many reasons.
CIT-treated water can be reused as irrigation water which increases the quality and quantity of the yield in these poor areas. It improves the bio-availability of adequate nutrients and fertilizers for crops so that purchasing of mineral fertilizers may be decreased and people can stay in their home towns.
The financial, environmental and social costs associated with water quality and availability are projected to increase dramatically as populations continue to grow, unless unique innovations in communal wastewater treatment receive attention.
For the 1.2 billion people living in areas of water scarcity, projected to increase to 3 billion by 2025, resulting in more refugees, there is no option but to consider wastewater treatment as part of the solution in their home town or in the refugee camps. Without better infrastructure and management, many millions of people will continue to die each year from lack of clean water.