To develop and pilot the concept of hyper-connected modular and decentralized clean energy production, we should rethink Edison's vision of producing electricity on our own. In other words, a Physical Internet (PI) PI-enabled Realization Web will be designed with self-supplied PI-facilities, which could form the micro-energy network with self-production, supply and utilization. This is a decentralized and hyper-connected renewable energy production network. This counters Westinghouse's idea to provide centralized electricity to nodes via transmission lines, which leads to the current conditions of electricity production using fossil fuels and hydro power, although it is a better systemic outlook, it also leads to economic dilemma, environmental pollution and social problems, which we aim to solve and lead the transition towards the renewable energy landscape in the great initiative.
With the increasing demand for sustainable lifestyle among the millennial generation, we believe that supplying electricity in a decentralized way will return gradually to the vision of its pioneer Edison. One of renewable energy's value propositions is its large reliance on decentralized operations, installation and distribution, which highly aligns with the Physical Internet founding principles. We have identified the decentralized solar energy production gap, to integrate lean-agile, resilient and green initiatives with industry 4.0 and circular economy trends. With bottom-up approach and integrated system thinking, entrepreneurs can adapt to the business ecosystem towards hyper-connected modular renewable energy network, in order to satisfy the needs of prosumers (producer & consumer) in the 21st century.
Physical Internet (PI), Modular Production, Assembly Process, Realization Web, Feasibility, Solar Energy Industry, Energy Internet.
Solution to the Challenge:
Towards a demand-led energy system, the key components include the control center, energy storage and micro-grid, complementary to the macro-grid.
Many owners of photovoltaic (PV) plants make use of the battery storage solutions to harness the energy of the sun even when it is not shining. This allows them to cover much of their own energy needs with green solar power. Higher-capacity battery storage facilities are also available these days. Not only does the utility distribution network need an upgrade to support the influx of renewable energy generation to the grid system, it must also consider that without local energy storage, the network is seriously inefficient. Energy storage is crucial to protect the vulnerability of the grid and effectively manage supply with demand.
In the demand-led renewable energy (RE) landscape, prosumers can identify the core data from their own dashboard: Micro, it gives them a clear and transparent view on the energy generation, consumption and transaction flows. As micro-grid gives prosumers more free choices concerning energy self-usage or trade in the micro-community, they can monitor the dashboard to make decisions on the quantity that they will sell and to whom, this is in the case that the prosumers produce sufficient energy in their own RE sources. On the opposite case, if it works as well, the Micro-grid Dashboard can decide how much will be used and which neighbor to send his/her excess energy to.
The Dashboard also allow prosumers to store power in their own batteries to provide energy when the sun does not shine and the wind does not blow, as well as to set the interface to sell the excess energy to the existing major transmission and distribution network in case of extra energy.
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