Peanuts 🥜 & Potatoes 🥔

About Solution

Challenge: Encouraging sustainable agricultural production and preservation


🇨🇳🇨🇦 Solution: The most sustainable crops Peanuts 🥜 and Potatoes 🥔 along with Entomophagy 🐛

All human food can be breakdown to 3 types of nutrient: carbohydrate, fat, and protein.

  • 1 kg serving of sweet potatoes has 860 calories with 0.1% fat, 24.3% carbs, 1.9% protein, and 77% water.
  • 1 kg serving of peanuts has more than 5,600 calories with 49% fat and 25% protein.
  • 1 kg serving of crickets has 1,210 calories with 5.5% fat, 5.1% carbs, 12.9% protein, and additional minerals.

Nutrient quantity per day for average human:

Energy                                         8,700 kilojoules (2,080 calories)

Protein                                         50 grams

Fat                                               70 grams

Saturated Fatty Acids                  24 grams

Carbohydrates                             310 grams

Sugars                                         90 grams

Sodium (salt)                               2.3 grams

Dietary Fibre                                30 grams


Therefore, a recipe for healthy human daily consumption could be:

1500 grams of potatoes (1290 calories with 365 grams of carbs, 1.5 grams of fat, and 28.5 grams of protein)

+ 150 grams of peanuts (840 calories with 73.5 grams of fat and 37.5 grams of protein)

+ 15 grams of crickets (18 calories with 1 gram of carb, 1 gram of fat, and 2 grams of protein)

Assuming there will be 3 meals in a day, thus a typical meal would contain
500 grams of potatoes, 

50 grams of peanuts, 

and 1 teaspoon 🥄 of crickets.


Sources:

https://healthyeating.sfgate.com/omega-6-fats-peanuts-1918.html

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/foods/sweet-potatoes#section1

http://www.insectsarefood.com/faq.html

http://www.mydailyintake.net/daily-intake-levels 



Quest 1: Allow for the production of higher yields with less land, water, and labor inputs

Peanuts have a water footprint around 3,100 liters per 1 kg. They don't need fertilizer and they can improve the soil. Such a gift from the divine!


Potatoes have a much lower water footprint around 250 liters per 1 kg, yet they need a fertilized land to start the plantation. Meanwhile, "rising levels of CO2 in the atmosphere may double the size of the sweet potato." "The potato will not only survive climate change but will help us to survive it as well."


Farming crickets as livestock have a water footprint of fewer than 1 liter per 1 kg. A typical chicken farm requires 45 square meters of land for meat production, whereas an insect farm only needs 15 square meters of space. Which is 3 times more efficient land utilization in almost any climate and environment. Edible insects emit 300 times lower greenhouse gasses compare to farming chickens. We need 2,500 grams of feed in order to produce 1 kg of chicken; in contrast, we just need 1,700 grams of feed for crickets which is a much lower cost of resources to produce.


Sources:

https://waterfootprint.org/media/downloads/Hoekstra-2008-WaterfootprintFood.pdf

https://www.nationalpeanutboard.org/peanut-info/how-peanuts-grow.htm

https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21628924-300-climate-change-may-supersize-sweet-potatoes

https://cipotato.org/blog/potato-faces-up-to-climate-change-challenges

http://www.littleherds.org/sample-page/resources/media-resources-photos-videos-infographics/infographics-or-entographics



Quest 2: Improve coordination within the value chain of rural farmers, which supports sustainable food production, reduces post-harvest losses, and facilitates market access in favor of farmers

Peanuts, sweet potatoes, and crickets can be dry in the sunlight, which will dramatically decrease the post-harvest losses and require minimal effort for the delivery from producers to consumers.


Source:

https://www.nri.org/latest/news/2010/sun-drying-sweet-potato-affects-on-vitamin-a-preservation


Quest 3: Increase access to such technologies for vulnerable populations, especially women

Warning: An allergic reaction to peanuts can happen within minutes or up to several hours after eating foods containing peanuts. Symptoms vary from person to person and may progress from mild to severe.

Warning: Potato's green color sprouts contain neurotoxic glycoalkaloids, sweet potato sprouts are not poisonous at all and therefore they are absolutely safe to be eaten.

Crickets cannot be anyway more harmful than chickens, and they won't disturb people from sleeping in the morning. However, in the case of psychological vulnerability over the icky insects, women should be allowed (not restricted) to work on the peanut and sweet potato plantation instead.


Source:

http://www.unlockfood.ca/en/Articles/Food-allergies-intolerances/Peanut-Allergies-FAQs.aspx

https://www.kevinstock.io/health/health-dangers-of-glycoalkaloids

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