The Fourth Agricultural Revolution: ENTOMOINDUSTRY

About Solution

This new concept, the entomoindustry, is a novel type of agroindustry with unprecedented escalating capabilities thanks to the biology of insects.

By comparison to the traditional livestock we are used to grow, insects:
*Are the most efficient organisms to convert food, feed & waste into proteins (this means, in a proportional scale, (1) less food to produce more product AND (2) a product with higher protein level);
*Develop in a way faster life cycle (weeks);
*Imply less production costs: Feed: they possess a greater specter of digestible feed/supplies, including organic waste; Water: they require little or none; Space: The breeding and harvesting of insects requires much less land (m^2) per ton produced since the space can be used upwards / vertically (m^3); Energy: they require less energy for the entire process;
*Are ecological by emitting little to no greenhouse gases or ammonia;
*Result in no sanitary risk since their cells are not compatible with the growth of virus or oncogenes that affect human beings;
*Are a healthy product because of their high protein, fiber, good fats, vitamins and minerals value.
These inherent qualities to their biology could lead to the fourth agricultural revolution! 

The entomoindustry assures the creation of both novel products and services, thus of value: organic waste managementfeed and food sourceorganic fertilizerbiomass (energy)chitosan (biopolymer) based plastic, an enzyme which breaks down plastics and biological control of pests.

Ecology designs a circular economy!
To assure a huge production and management of any amount of organic waste, the proposal is to have in each big city a centralized insects' rearing facility and multiple outposts (small rearing facilities) that could be run by unemployed people.

Each centralized insects' rearing facility is responsible for collecting the city waste as any collecting service would do it. Each centralized insects' rearing facility has a production of more insects, organic fertilizer, food and feed, energy, and chitosan. Collected waste is managed with some of our proposed insects (flies, cockroaches, crickets, worms, etc.). Any insect species can be grown in any of the centralized facility thanks to its infrastructure (central temperature system), but some insect species may be more suitable to a particular city without controlling its temperature and conditions. This is important for reducing energy costs and essentially for the multiple outposts run throughout the city by people that will initially possess little infrastructure. People who sign up for the program shall receive formal training and a basic kit/infrastructure for insect rearing (breeding and harvesting). The training will include sanitary measures which is essential for keeping up a safe waste management program. The work in these outposts consists of receiving waste when any bus comes through their zone, and it must occur an exchange of both compost (the stage previous to organic fertilizer) and raised insects in each outpost for insect eggs coming from the central facility. This will assure genetic variability for any insect species raised in the central facility.

By selling the products coming from the central facility and by charging each city for an integral waste management service, each outpost will receive a fee from the generated revenue. This way people will be earning money. And as workers they must receive social insurance (healthcare mainly).

The work of the central facility does not end up there. In addition to the production of organic fertilizer and animal feed, the central facility is capable of growing insects with adequate supplies for human consumption. It can also generate energy and we are working a way around to develop a biodegradable bioplastic film. Also, each central facility can manage any city sewer wastage so the resulting water could be treated later for growing crops. Obviously, each central facility will end up having tons of separated cardboard, glass, metals and electronics for sale. There is no waste to be buried.

The central facility must ensure its citizens receive education on reducing waste, on sorting waste and on climate change with the aid workshops on schools and on outposts too. The entomoindustry is abuzz.




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