Accumulation of single use plastic wastes causes environmental pollution that can be manifested in number of ways. One of the problems is deterioration of natural beauty of an environment. Another common problem associated with these wastes is death of domestic and wild animals. This, in turn, creates foul smells and favorable habitats for mosquitoes and other vectors that could spread a large number of diseases such as encephalitis, dengue fever and malaria. Some of the basic reasons could be poor waste management and perhaps lack of awareness about the negative impacts of plastic wastes. Pyrolysis has attracted widespread attention due to its high resource recovery rate. The present study is, therefore, initiated to convert single use plastic waste to energy using pyrolysis method.
In the last two year we have produces a well-designed simple pyrolysis chamber for the production of char and then briquettes, from municipal solid wastes (MSWs) and we have trained several young citizens. At this time, they are able to establish a small scale business groups and providing briquettes from MSWs to the community as an energy source. The aim of our project was to reduce the municipal solid wastes, in order to protect the environmental pollution due to MSWs and to solve the energy problem for cooking at household level. Similarly, this project will also have several small-scale topics within the overall project will be available for graduate students to conduct research as part of their course works. This will not only develop their research skills, but also encourages them to be heavily involved in energy research in their future career. The projects will specifically target female and students from underprivileged communities during the selection process to do their thesis projects. Involved researchers will equally be benefited by developing their research skills on this area.
This will be achieved through the development of well-designed compact portable kiln and using municipal plastic wastes as main energy inputs. The potential substitution rate, energy content, emissions impacts, key technical challenges, and local considerations of the char and bio-oil products will be characterized and checked. The output of this research work is expected to have a huge impact on the effective conversion of single use plastic waste–to-energy, which will be considered as one of the best options to reduce and manage plastic wastes. Such waste management strategy will be considered as a solution of the plastic waste disposal problem.