Yak Farming Household “Khayr” in the remotest region of Tajikistan

About Solution

The NGO “Support and Development of Badakhshan” wants to express its interest in the Global Maker Challenge – Challenge 01: Rural Transformation and Zero HungerCurrently, our NGO is looking for the investment of Yak Farming Household “Khayr” in the remote areas of Badakhshan Region, Republic of Tajikistan.

History of Yak Farming Household “Khayr”

Yak Farming Household “Khayr” by the decision of the Local Government of Shughnon district on April 29, 2009, No. 193 was created to further promote of Yak. The total area of this farm is 500 hectares pasture is directed to further development of Yak in the district, bordering with Dzerzhinsky farming household. The most high temperature of the month are July and August, the average air temperature reaches + 20 - 25 * C, and the coldest months are January and February, the highest temperature, reaches + 15 -10 * C. The coldest months are December, January and February, with the cold-weather temperature below - 50 -55 * C. The snowfall is uneven, the majority of which falls to the winter period, which reaches 40 - 45 cm high. There are various vegetation within the territory of the district and low – height vegetation of pillow form are more commonly found in the abundance and multi-year weeds. Eurotia and natural herbs are considered the main nutrients of the Yaks. This is why the local population are encouraged to steady development of livestock, which in turn provides incentive results to improve their welfare. Taking into account the local terrain of climate, climatic conditions and the availability of pasture conditions in this district, the focus is on steady development of Yak. Yaks are high-altitude species, so they have special features of precision and a good fit for life in extreme conditions, under the sky, and only on pasture grasses. These animals provide the population with food products (milk, meat, wool) and serve the purposes of transportation of times) in extremely rugged terrain. Exposure to other types of domestic animals has high advantages, which promote the incentives of the population to high-quality cattle breeding and contribute to the development of other valuable farms without the cost of large farms for the construction of farms and foodstuffs. Yaks have the ability to live in rough conditions at a height of 1800-2000 meters above the sea level. Total pasture area of Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region is 1.2 million hectare including the development of good breeding conditions.

Short description of the project:

From the economic point of view, this project does not have analogue within Shugnan district, Badakhshan Region, Republic of Tajikistan.

The main components of the project:

1. Purchase Yaks of 220 heads

2. Supply of food for the first year of wintering.

3. Provide workplace; attract more of direct and indirect beneficiaries to Badakhshan Region, Republic of Tajikistan.

4. Increase the production of Yak products by implementing the project up to 10% within the region.

5. Production of food for the second year and subsequent years from the use of the resources of the self-owned farmer's name “Khayr”.

Project Goal:

The goal of the project is to preserve and increase the number of Eco new Pamiri Yaks as a source of agricultural income. Yak is used to obtain meat, milk and wool. The average weight of the adult yak, which is grown in the natural environment of pastures, is about 450-560kg; female yak is 320-360kg. The adult yaks consist up to 8 kg of wool, including the composition of 57-61% fur. In recent years in the Gorno - Badakhshan Autonomous Region in the field of livestock, approximately 82% of the total domestic production are Yaks and currently has around 21,000 heads.

Project Target:

• Grow and build the herd of Eco new Pamiri Yaks and increase their number by 300 heads.

• Establishing favorable conditions for storage and feeding in climate conditions in Shughnon is the best preservation of livestock pastures.

• Organize and sell meat and dairy products within the district and the region

Gender assessment

Wide range of women's participation in project implementation is expected. Therefore, the local population is interested in uninterrupted yak development, which in turn contributes to the positive effects of food security and their well-being.

Project summary

The project is aimed at developing livestock sector and establishing jobs for the local population and enrichment of local and regional markets, providing ecologically clean meat and dairy products to all the beneficiary groups, including members of farming households, families, communities of Yak initiators by improving the level and quality of food and improving the social and economic status of the population in this district, will have a positive economic effect. 

After the implementation of this project, yaks livestock will be increased to 660 heads, in accordance with the subcomponent II project “To establish a production of wool processing and manufacturing of readymade woolen rope”, annually they will shave wools of yaks, process it, then from it will make ecologically clean woolen ropes and will make it available with the accessible prices to the local people and guests of the district.   

At the same time, under the subcomponent III of the project “Establishment of slaughterhouse, meat processing and sausage production” cultivated yaks are slaughtered in the slaughterhouse, part of which will go to the production of sausage which is ecologically clean and from them other local sausages are produced, another parts are sold in the local district and regional markets.

From the skin of Yaks, according to the subcomponent IV of the project “The processing of animal skins as a finished product and shoe production, leather garment” shoes, production of leather garment and will be available to the whole country and outside of the country, such a business idea does not have analogue in the territory of the country until now. 

 

 

 

 

 

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